1. Home

Fabric Characteristics -- Types of Fabric

By

2 of 6

With Nap/ Without Nap
Upholstery Fabric With Nap - shown with fabric in  both directions

Upholstery Fabric With Nap - shown with fabric in both directions

Debbie Colgrove, Licensed to About.com
As you read a pattern envelope you will see different requirements for with or without nap. Fabric nap refers to the lay of pile on fabric with pile. Examples of fabric with nap are velvet, velour, corduroy and terry cloth.

When cutting out fabric with nap it is necessary to cut the fabric so that it will all be running on one direction.

There are many new fabrics on the market that do not have pile but would require you to use the with nap lay out.

When in doubt there are a couple of ways to see if the fabric will need the "with nap" requirements.

  • Brush the fabric with your hand one way and then brush the area next to that area the other way. Observe if the fabric looks the same when brushed in both directions.
  • Using a length of fabric, fold the fabric lengthwise and lay the two directions next to each other. Observe if the fabric looks the same from each direction.
  1. About.com
  2. Home
  3. Sewing
  4. Sewing Fabric
  5. Fabric Characteristics -- Everything You Need To Understand With Nap or Without Nap

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.